ADHD is a neurodevelopmental (brain) disorder that is most often due to biological or genetic factors. It is a disorder of performance, not intelligence, and with proper treatment and support, children and adolescents with ADHD can grow up to be productive, successful and happy adults. Treatment needs to be multifaceted. While medication is often a safe and effective treatment option, it should always be prescribed in conjunction with psychosocial treatments such as ADHD education for the parents and caregivers; learning accommodations, and, if required, additional treatment such as behaviour therapy and specialized ADHD coaching and tutoring. Students with ADHD should be informed about the disorder to the level of their understanding (Center for ADHD Awareness, Canada).